in Norway, in the Netherlands and in Belgium and have been announced in Finland, France and Spain. LNG bunker ships can currently be found only in Sweden. In road transportation LNG could also replace gasoil/diesel as it would offer the same advantages especially for truck fleets. LNG refueling stations are well developed in the UK and the Netherlands as well as in Spain, Portugal, Sweden, Belgium, and one in Italy. The current lack of infrastructure hampers the wider use of gas as a fuel across Europe (CNG and LNG) and has justified the final Directive 2014/94/EU on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure adopted on the 29 th of September 2014 by the European Parliament and the Council. Member States have to develop national policy frameworks to support alternative fuels and the necessary develop- ment of the underlying infrastructure. This consists with the construction of an appropriate number of LNG maritime bunker facilities as well as LNG and CNG refueling stations on the main European roads up to 2025. TSO projections show a continuous growth of the use of gas as a fuel in the trans- portation sector for the two scenarios. The increase is slightly smaller in Scenario B 1) as economic and financial conditions are less favorable and efficiency measures and investments are not as developed as in Scenario A. The highest increase is pro- jected for Road LNG fuel, followed by maritime LNG fuel.
Scenario A – Green Maritime
Scenario B – Grey Maritime
Scenario A – Green Road LNG
Scenario B – Grey Road LNG
Scenario A – Green Road CNG
Scenario B – Grey Road CNG
Figure 4.32: TSOs projection for gas as fuel in the transportation sector (maritime and road)
Gas demand in the transportation sector increas- es over time for both the Eurogas Roadmap 2050 and ENTSOG’s scenarios. The difference between the scenarios of both associations is partly explained by the Eurogas inclusion of gas demand for passenger and freight transport by air and by rail. All scenarios show the same upward trend for the use of gas in the transportation sector.
Eurogas Roadmap 2050
Scenario A Green
Scenario B Grey
Figure 4.33: Projection for gas as fuel in the transportation sector. Comparison with Eurogas Roadmap 2050
1) Scenario A and B base on the assumption stated above in section “combination of scenarios”.