The long term evolution of gas demand depends on several factors, including de- mography, macroeconomic parameters, energy and emission prices as well as tar- gets set by energy and environmental policies. Such evolution is also the main driv- er for the development of the gas market in each country. In order to assess this wide range of uncertainties, ENTSOG has considered different settings for each of the main parameters influencing gas demand.
184.108.40.206 Global context
The global context covers the price of gas and coal as well as the price of CO ² emis- sions. The relative levels of these three prices influence the share of gas and coal in the power generation mix. The two considered global contexts are: Green – the price scenarios correspond to the “Gone Green” scenario from the UK Future Energy Scenarios (FES) 1) document, which is consistent with: \\ A high price of CO ² emissions due to the introduction of a carbon tax \\ A continuous reduction in the oil-price linkage mitigating the increase of gas price when oil prices increase Grey – the price scenarios correspond to the Current Policies scenario from the IEA WEO 2013 2) document which is consistent with: \\ Lower price of CO ² emissions as no new environmental political commitments are taken \\ High energy prices following higher energy demand in absence of new efficiency policies but with prices still too low to trigger the development of renewables
220.127.116.11 Scenarios for the evolution of final gas demand
Final gas demand covers demand for residential, commercial and industrial use as provided by TSOs. The uncertainty about gas demand for these sectors is captured through two contrasting demand scenarios, defined by the following parameters: \\ Scenario A covers favorable economic and financial conditions \\ Scenario B covers non-favorable economic and financial conditions
1) National Grid July 2014 2) International Energy Agency – World Energy Outlook 2013