In the Pacific basin there are a high number of projects that are not under construc- tion yet but have a planned commissioning date before 2020. These projects would increase the liquefaction capacity in this area by 153MTPA (210 bcma) in total. They are located in Canada (42MTPA/58 bcma), Australia (35MTPA/48 bcma), United States (28 MTPA/39 bcma), Mozambique (20 MTPA/28 bcma), Russia (10 MTPA/14 bcma), Papua New Guinea (8 MTPA/11 bcma), Malaysia (5MTPA/7bcma) and Indonesia (5MTPA/6bcma). There are additional projects in Australia (Tassie Shoal with 3MTPA/4bcma) and in Russia (expansion of Sakhalin) with no agreed commissioning date.
Canada Mozambique Papua New Guinea
Capacity under construction
Figure 5.69: Potential evolution of the liquefaction capacity in the Pacific basin. Breakdown by country (Source LNG journal)
The Northern transit routes
A decrease of the ice in the Arctic area combined with the development of ice class LNG tanker fleets could allow the opening of new transportation routes between the Atlantic and the Pacific basins. This would allow exports of Artic gas sources in the form of LNG. There are two Russian liquefaction projects targeting these sources: Yamal LNG, with 17MTPA (23bcma) to be commissioned by 2018 and Shtokman LNG with a planned capacity of 20MTPA (27bcma) and commissioning date in 2019. Neither of these two projects is currently under construction. In addition, LNG is one option for the development of the gas fields in the Barents Sea, but no concrete liquefac- tion projects have been defined for the time being.