The Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP) is a natural gas pipeline project, which will trans- port natural gas from the giant Shah Deniz II field in Azerbaijan, to Greece, Albania and, across the Adriatic Sea, to Southern Italy. Through the Italian transmission network, Azeri gas may be forwarded to North and Western Europe. Connections to other planned pipelines (IGB, IAP) and to the Greek transmission system, may provide supply of Caspian gas to Greece and to the Eastern and Western Balkans. The connection to the Greek system will be bi-directional, with the help of a planned compressor station (TRA-N-971). TAP represents the shortest (and most direct) link from the Caspian Region to the European markets. One of the main aims of the TAP project is securing future energy supply, which supports a strategic goal of the European Union. The 1,200 mm pipeline that will operate at 95 bar, is designed to expand transportation capacity from 10bcm, initially, to 20bcm per year, depending on supply and demand. Other benefits of the TAP project are: \\ providing a diversification opportunity for Europe; \\ interlinking several strategic European corridors (bridging Southern and North-South West Corridors and also, with the contribution of the lateral connections IAP and IGB, the North-South East Corridor); \\ allowing the development of natural gas storage facilities in Albania and Greece to further ensure security of supply to European markets during possible operational interruptions; \\ promoting economic development and creation of jobs along the pipeline route. The project is in its implementation phase. In July 2015 construction of access roads started in Albania. In May 2016 the inauguration of the project took place in Thessaloniki. At the end of 2016, 95 km of pipe had been laid in Greece. Commis- sioning is expected at the end of 2019 with first commercial flows planned in 2020.
the Trans Anatolian Pipeline (TANAP) is the link between the South Caucasus Pipeline (SCP) and TAP. This is an Azeri-Turkish project that will carry the Caspian Gas through Turkey and up to the Greek-Turkish border at Kipi. A branch will also connect to the Interconnector Turkey-Bulgaria (ITB) in case the latter will be implemented. Construction works started in March 2015. First gas deliveries to Turkey are expected to start in 2018.
This is an ambitious project for the transportation of gas from the Levantine basin to Greece and further west to Italy, via the Poseidon (TRA-N-010) offshore pipeline. The main challenge of this project is the depth at which the pipeline has to be laid combined with its length. The project consists of 1,300km of offshore pipeline, with a diametre of 600 to 800mm (24” to 32”) and 600 km of onshore pipeline, in Greece, with a diametre of 1,050mm (42”). The project includes a M/R station at Megalopolis (TRA-N-1091) for the connection to the existing DESFA system.
1) The project reached FID status In December 2013